Mechanical Engineering is a broad engineering discipline with a range of activities and functions that touch almost every aspect of technology.
Mechanical Engineering covers subjects related to energy, fluid mechanics and dynamics, solid mechanics, heat transfer, and design and manufacturing. This diverse background uniquely positions mechanical engineers to help define the future of technology and play a critical role in solving global energy and sustainability challenges.
The Mechanical Engineering Program at Masdar Institute aspires to become renowned for outstanding graduate education and research that is at the forefront of engineering advancements. The mission of the Mechanical Engineering Program is to provide students with the fundamental knowledge, skills, and professional experience necessary for successful careers in industrial or academic roles that involve alternative energy and sustainable technologies.
Graduates of the Mechanical Engineering Program at Masdar Institute will be able to work collaboratively, conduct independent and multidisciplinary research, communicate effectively and recognize their role in solving global challenges, while simultaneously promoting sustainable engineering principles
The MSc in Mechanical Engineering Program goals are to produce post-graduate students with the disciplinary preparation that meets the following goals:
- An ability to identify and address current and future mechanical engineering problems related to energy sources, production, conversion, efficiency, and control within a broader framework of sustainable development;
- An ability to apply a multi-disciplinary approach to conceive, plan, design, and implement solutions to mechanical engineering problems in the field of energy and sustainability;
- An understanding of the impact of solutions to energy problems in a global, economic, environmental, and societal context; and
- An understanding of the value of technical and scientific scholarship, service to society, leadership and lifelong learning required to further their career aspirations.
Program Learning Outcomes
Upon completion of the Mechanical Engineering Master of Science Program, graduates are expected to attain the following outcomes:
- Successfully apply advanced concepts of fundamental sciences and engineering to identify, formulate and solve complex mechanical engineering problems;
- Successfully apply advanced concepts of mechanical engineering to the analysis, design and development of systems, components, or processes to meet needs of society professionally and ethically;
- Use an advanced approach to design and conduct experiments, and to analyze and interpret data;
- Be continuously aware of contemporary issues and research opportunities/challenges related to energy and sustainability and engage in lifelong learning in the field and in the fundamentals of other related disciplines;
- Use advanced techniques, skills, and modern scientific and engineering software tools for professional practice; and
- Communicate effectively in written and oral form, both, individually and as a member of a multidisciplinary team.
The academic curriculum in the Mechanical Engineering Program is designed to provide students with fundamental and advanced training in engineering principles that relate to renewable energy and sustainable technologies. The program’s core courses initially focus on energy and thermo-fluids engineering by covering topics in advanced thermodynamics and fluid mechanics, advanced energy conversion, nano- and micro-scale transport phenomena and combustion.
The breadth of course offerings will continually grow to allow Masdar Institute students to gain deeper knowledge in topics of their choosing.
Mechanical Engineering research at Masdar Institute is aimed at providing major advancements in key areas of renewable energy and sustainable technology. Specific research topics include, but are not limited to, thermo-fluid sciences and include advanced computational methods, hydrodynamics, solid/fluid interactions, sustainable heating and cooling, power systems, materials and devices for renewable energy, waste to energy conversion and design for sustainability. Examples of ongoing Mechanical Engineering research activities at Masdar Institute are as follows:
- Hydrodynamics of wave power extraction
- Advanced technologies and controls for building energy efficiency
- Modeling of the urban thermo-fluid environment
- Waste-to-energy conversion via gasification
- Wind flow simulation on low and high rise structures including wind turbines
- Sustainable manufacturing
- Nuclear reactor engineering
All students for all programs are required to take four program core courses. In addition, each student must complete the following:
- Three elective courses from any program with the approval of advisor
- One university core course titled Sustainable Energy” Technology, Policy, Economics
- 24 credits of thesis work
Program Core Courses
- MEG501 Advanced Fluid Mechanics
- MEG504 Advanced Energy Conversion
- MEG507 Advanced Heat Transfer
- MEG510 Advanced Thermodynamics
MEG501 – Advanced Fluid Mechanics – 3 credits
This course covers the principal concepts and methods of fluid dynamics. Mass, momentum, and energy conservation equations for continua and their constitutive Navier-Stokes equations for viscous flows. Applications to channel flow, pipe flow, and rotating machinary. Kinematics of fluid, circulation and vorticity. Potential flow and lift&drag. Analytical treatement of boundary layers and separation. Introduction to turbulent flows.
Pre-requisites: Undergraduate courses in fluid mechanics, thermodynamics, and heat transfer or equivalents
MEG504 – Advanced Energy Conversion – 3 credits
The course covers engineering and science concepts and tools required to analyze conversion of a variety of sources to useful forms, using different conversion technologies, e.g. conversion of the chemical energy in biomass to ethanol, or chemical energy to electricity using fuel cells, engines and turbines. It compares options, based on overall efficiency and CO2 production, from well to wheel, e.g., biomass to electricity and electric cars, or biomass to ethanol and flex fuel engine, or fuel cells used for electricity generation in a power plant and those used in an automobile. It treats thermal energy produced from the sun, geothermal sources or nuclear reactor, and how to use it to produce electricity or fuels. It discusses technologies that are compatible with these different sources such as hydrogen production from solar energy using photovoltaics or wind energy using electrolysis. It discusses hybrid transportation, why the Prius gets high mileage and what is a plug-in hybrid. Concepts behind battery technology and the difference between lithium ion and metal hydride batteries are covered.
Why diesel engines are more efficient than gasoline engines and why they can be competitive against hybrids. It discusses the challenges for hydrogen as a transportation fuel, alternative energy like heavy hydrocarbon, and how to make them environmentally safe via carbon capture and sequestration, the technical advantages and disadvantages of removing CO2 during fossil fuel combustion, using different technology pathways, and when does it make sense and when it can be competitive. Discussion of integrated and hybrid systems and how combining different conversion technologies can improve efficiency significantly, e.g. combined cycles, hybrid solar-NG, etc., also how integrating storage can further improve the system.
Additional Courses: Undergraduate courses in fluid mechanics, thermodynamics, and heat transfer or equivalents
MEG505 – Nano-to-Macro Transport Processes – 3 credits
The course covers areas such as parallel treatments of photons, electrons, phonons, and molecules as energy carriers, aiming at providing students with a fundamental understanding of descriptive tools for energy and heat transport processes from nanoscale to macroscale. Topics covered include the energy levels, the statistical behavior and internal energy, energy transport in the forms of waves and particles, scattering and heat generation processes, Boltzmann equation and derivation of classical laws, deviation from classical laws at nanoscale and their appropriate descriptions, with applications in nanotechnology and microtechnology.
Pre-requisites: Undergraduate courses in physics, chemistry, and thermodynamics or equivalents
MEG506 – Applications of Combustion – 3 credits
This course covers combustion thermo-chemistry of different fuels, adiabatic flame temperature and combustion products composition, chemical kinetics and important combustion chemical mechanisms, ideal flow reactors, laminar premixed flames, diffusion flames including liquid droplet and solid particle combustion, turbulent premixed and non-premixed flames, pollutant emissions and control. All of the above are treated with emphasis on a wide variety of practical applications that motivate or relate to the various theoretical concepts and current research interests.
Pre-requisites: Undergraduate courses in thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, and heat transfer or equivalents
MEG507 – Advanced Heat Transfer – 3 credits
This course covers advanced treatment of fundamental aspects of heat transport including: conservation laws, laminar and turbulent convection, heat transfer including phase change or heterogeneous reactions, and basic thermal radiation. Problems and examples include theory and applications drawn from a spectrum of design, manufacturing, and energy system problems.
Pre-requisites: Undergraduate courses in thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, and heat transfer, or equivalents
MEG509 - Nuclear Power Systems – 3 credits
This course is intended to introduce nuclear power systems to graduate students not from nuclear engineering background. It covers topics that range from introducing nuclear fission, nuclear physics, nuclear radiation interaction with the environment, reactor physics, reactor kinetics and control, nuclear fuel depletion, fission energy removal, different types of power reactors, reactor safety and operations, different step of a nuclear fuel cycle and touches briefly on another type of nuclear energy namely; nuclear fusion. Finally it discusses the impeding energy crisis and discusses potential solutions from the nuclear energy perspective.
Pre-requisites: Undergraduate courses in Applied Calculus, Probability & Statistics and Differential Equations & Linear Algebra.
MEG510 - Advanced Thermodynamics – 3 credits
Advanced treatment of thermodynamic fundamentals from an entropy point of view, entropy generation and transfer in complex systems. Rigorous definition of work, energy, stable equilibrium, available energy, entropy, thermodynamic potential, and interactions other than work (non-work heat and mass transfer). Applications to properties of materials, bulk flow, energy conversion, chemical equilibrium, combustion, and manufacturing.
Pre-requisites: Undergraduate course in thermodynamics, fluid dynamics, and chemistry
MEG511 - Advanced Engineering Mathematics – 3 credits
This course focuses on concepts and techniques, analytical as well as numerical, for solving applied problems arising in various engineering disciplines. Analytics cover separation of variables, integral transforms, Green’s functions, similarity and perturbation methods. Numerics include finite differences, finite elements, and discrete and fast Fourier transforms. Emphasis would be on formulating and solving problems as well as on interpreting and analyzing the solutions to gain physical insight. Engineering applications would be stressed in addition to mathematical formalities. MATLAB is required in some of the homework problems.
Pre-requisites: Undergraduate courses in calculus and differential equations with permission of the instructor
MEG513 – Solar Thermal Analysis, Design and Testing – 3 credits
Course develops advanced heat transfer topics applied to collection, storage, conversion, and utilization solar thermal energy. Solar position, shading, atmospheric attenuation and sky models are covered. Optical properties of materials and reflector and receiver geometries are developed. Dynamic models and simulation are introduced. Low-temperature applications of desalination, water heating, and space-heating and cooling (SHAC) are described. High temperature applications include concentrating solar power (CSP) and advanced solar cooling. The course will include the following topic areas: fundamental engineering principles of solar energy collection, thermal energy storage, and thermodynamic cycles for power, cooling, and dehumidification. Students will be introduced to system modeling in TRNSYS, EES and/or MATLAB and will perform laboratory measurements and standard tests on typical flat-plate, line- and heliostat-concentrating collectors.
Pre-requisites: Undergraduate course in heat transfer
MEG515 – Fuel Cell Systems – 3 credits
This course covers fundamentals of fuel cell systems for both mobile and distributed power applications. It includes detailed analyses of the principles and component designs of various types of fuel cells including proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC), phosphoric acid fuel cell (PAFC), solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC), and molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC); discussions on water and thermal management, and balance of power plant; review of hydrogen storage and safety consideration; and challenges and future opportunities.
Pre-requisites: Undergraduate courses in Fluid Mechanics, Thermodynamics and Heat Transfer or equivalents
MEG516 Energy Process Modeling, Analysis and Control – 3 credits
This course provides multidisciplinary fundamentals of energy process system engineering from energy transport dynamics to control and optimization. It presents a systematic framework for model-based design, transient analysis and optimal operation of energy processes. Experimental data sets are provided for model validation. Vivid examples in recent energy research are presented in most lectures to show the power of these advanced tools.
Pre-requisites: Undergraduate courses in Thermal-fluid Engineering, Dynamics and Control, Calculus and Linear Algebra or equivalents
MEG 517 – Continuum Mechanics – 3 credits
This course aims to provide a unified framework to develop equations governing material deformation and the forces or stresses required to achieve that deformation of Continua. It presents a systematic introduction to Cartesian tensors, study of stress at a point in a continuum, the analysis of deformation, and the fundamental laws of mechanics and thermodynamics. Tensor analysis is extensively used for dealing with many variables at once, each of which depends on many other variables. Special attention is paid to specific material models in addition to general principles such as frame-indifference and thermodynamics that apply to all material models.
Pre-requisites: Undergraduate courses on multivariable calculus, linear algebra, tensor calculus, mechanics of materials/fluids and partial differential equations
MEG600 – Master Thesis in Mechanical Engineering – Total 24 credits
The thesis gives students an opportunity to develop and demonstrate their ability to carry out and document a reasonably comprehensive project requiring considerable initiative, creative thought, and a good deal of individual responsibility. The thesis may be a design project, an analytical paper, or experimental work of a technical nature.
MEG601 – Turbulent Flows and Turbulence Modeling – 3credits
This course covers definition of turbulent flows and their features with a historical perspective of turbulence modeling. It includes topics such as Governing equations for turbulent flow: Reynolds averaging; velocity correlations, Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equations (RANS); mixing length hypothesis, eddy viscosity, Reynolds stress equations. Scalar-field evolution models; turbulence energy equation; one-and two-equation models; wall functions; low-Reynolds-number effects. Second-order closure models; full Reynolds-stress and algebraic Reynolds stress models. Large-Eddy Simulation (LES) techniques are also covered in this course.
Pre-requisites: MEG501 (Advanced Fluid Mechanics), MEG507 (Advanced Heat Transfer), MEG510 (Advanced Thermodynamics) or equivalents
MEG602 – Multiphase Flow in Sub-surface Porous Media – 3 credits
The course is focused on the achievement of a clear and rigorous understanding of the fundamental properties, concepts and theories which are of importance in treating storage and multiphase fluid flow in porous media, with or without heat transfer, mass transfer, and/or chemical reactions.
Pre-requisites: MEG501 (Advanced Fluid Mechanics), MEG507 (Advanced Heat Transfer), MEG510 (Advanced Thermodynamics) or equivalents
MEG603 – Computational Fluid Mechanics – 3 credits
This course provides engineering applications of computational fluid dynamics with background information on the most common numerical methods; two dimensional inviscid and viscous flows, boundary layer flows; and an introduction to three dimensional flows. Applications will be illustrated utilizing FLUENT code.
Pre-requisites: MEG501 (Advanced Fluid Mechanics) or equivalent, undergraduate course in numerical analysis, and partial differential equations or equivalent. Some programming (MATLAB, C, Fortan) experience is also helpful.
MEG611 – Multiphase Thermal Fluids in Power and Energy Technologies – 3 credits
This course aims to present a state-of-the-art understanding about phase-change phenomena in nature, power and energy industries. It covers different levels of phase-change principles from fundamental liquid-vapor interfacial behavior, to interfacial liquid-vapor transport dynamics, to evaporation and condensation characteristics, and to transient analysis of thermal-fluid cycles.
Rigorous mathematical analysis, experimental and numerical videos are given to help students probe complicated multiphase thermal-fluid physics. Vivid examples are introduced to show the importance of advanced thermal-fluid research to power and energy innovation. Students completing this course are able to conduct independent research in this field.
Pre-requisites: MEG501 ( Advanced Fluid Mechanics), MEG507 (Advanced Heat Transfer) or equivalents
MEG612 – Advanced Convection and Two-Phase Heat Transfer – 3 credits
This course covers the advanced treatment of fundamental aspects of convection and two-phase heat transfer. Topics covered include: conservation laws, laminar and turbulent convection, mass transfer including phase change and moving boundary problems. Problems and examples include theory and applications drawn from a spectrum of engineering design and manufacturing problems.
Pre-requisites: MEG501 (Fluid Mechanics). MEG507 (Advanced Heat Transfer), MEG511 (Advanced Engineering Mathematics) or equivalents
MEG613 – Advanced Radiative Heat Transfer – 3 credits
This course covers advanced topics related to heat transfer by thermal radiation. It includes overview of fundamentals of thermal radiation including radiative properties; absorption and emission in participating media; radiative transfer in absorbing, emitting, and scattering media; optically thin and thick limits for radiative transfer in participating media; absorption and scattering by particles and agglomerates; and radiative effects in translucent solids and coatings.
Pre-requisite: MEG507 (Advanced Heat Transfer) or equivalent
MEG614 – Advanced Process Dynamics and Control – 3 credits
This course aims to provide multidisciplinary fundamentals of modern energy process systems engineering. It presents a systematic framework for physical/empirical dynamic process modeling, transient analysis, feedback control and optimization. This course is particularly dedicated to the most popular advanced control strategy in energy process industries - model predictive control (MPC). Other advanced approaches, such as extremum seeking and sliding mode control, are also introduced. Students completing this course are able to design model-based optimizing controller for energy process systems with nonlinearities, instabilities, uncertainties, physical and economic constraints.
Pre-requisites:: MEG507(Advanced Heat Transfer), MEG510 (Advanced Thermodynamics), undergraduate course in dynamics and control, Linear Algebra, Calculus withpermission of instructor.
MEG622 - Non-Linear Finite Element Model – 3 credits
This course is designed to provide a unified framework to model, formulate and numerically solve advanced nonlinear problems in solids, materials, structures and fluids using finite element methods. Various nonlinearities are studied in detail to gain insights into mathematical and numerical aspects. This course particularly emphasizes on formulation of geometrically nonlinear and materially nonlinear finite elements. Incremental and iterative methods for solution of nonlinear systems of equations and their computer implementation issues are rigorously addressed.
Pre-requisites: MEG517 (Continuum Mechanics) or equivalent and Master level courses in Finite Element Methods. Undergraduate level multivariable calculus, linear algebra, tensor calculus and partial differential equations. An introductory knowledge of ﬁnite element analysis and programming skills will be beneﬁcial.
MEG623 – Estimation and Inference from Data and Models – 3 credits
This course presents a variety of inversion (or parameter estimation) and forecasting techniques. The mathematical and statistical underpinnings of each technique are developed. The course combines basic theory with programming exercises that include coding algorithms and using existing MATLAB routines thus providing engineering and science students with the numerical and statistical tools to test models and make inferences from observations of natural processes or experiments. The student will gain practice and judgment in selection of appropriate models.
Pre-requisites:: Advanced Engineering Mathematics, undergraduate level of statistics; basic MATLAB skills.